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Ҳ ̲ Ͳ ( )

³, <Z, - Z 2 .

³, ( 11.8)

(11.53) , ﳿ, = :

, , . , w. w = 1.

k = 1,38 10 -23 ) - , , = 0 5 = 0. .

(11.51) , , ﳿ. F, Z .

 
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