Ҳ ω, I, ˲ ̲ Ͳ ()

(. 4.36).

/ ?, " / /" , , . . 4.37 , .

. 4.36

. 4.37

(, "= ). , .

(ω, I, ) ˲ ̲

. 4.38, , U U r

. 4.38

. 4.39

(/ . 4.39. , , (/ ". . . ' . . 4.40 (/ "( ') UJ2 ( '), ¢ 0 ,, / 2. , .

. 4.40

Ҳ ˲

" . (. 4.41).

. 4.41

U . , , 0 .

. , , . . 4.42 , , , .

, (. 4.43)

/ , ( = ), , , , 1 = -U / R lu → 0. , .

. 4.42

. 4.43

( , ).

 
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